Transition baby from a bottle to a cup

By: Susan Sorensen

By the time most babies are about 9 months old, they have the motor skills to drink from a cup, so I recommend starting then. At first, fill a sippy cup with water and let your child experiment with it. Expect him to dribble and spit — that’s part of the fun. Within a few weeks, he’ll get the hang of it and before you know it, he’ll be willing to take all of his drinks from the cup.

Work toward a complete transition to the cup by about 13 to 14 months. The longer babies hang onto their bottles, the more attached they get to them. Switch to a cup before your baby is too attached, and you’ll save yourself a lot of frustration. If the bottle is your baby’s security object and he’s reluctant to part with it, let him choose a special sippy cup, maybe one that has pictures of a favorite character or animal on it.

What’s so horrible about toddlers drinking from bottles? If you’ve ever seen a picture of a child with bottle tooth decay, a.k.a. “bottle rot,” you’ll toss out every single one of your baby’s bottles faster than you can say root canal!

A child’s teeth are susceptible to decay if he habitually nurses a drink with sugar in it — formula, milk, or juice. Every time he takes a drink, natural bacteria in his mouth feed on these sugars and attack the teeth for 20 minutes. If he’s taking sips from a bottle every few minutes for an hour, his teeth are exposed to the sugars for at least 80 minutes. Over time, that causes tooth decay. Children are less likely to nurse drinks for long periods of time if they’re offered in sippy cups.

The best way to avoid bottle rot is to give your child his drink and have him finish it within about 20 minutes. Then use a toothbrush or washcloth to wipe his teeth clean. Never put a baby in his crib with a bottle or sippy cup. If he falls asleep, tooth-decay causing sugars can pool in his mouth for hours.

Source: http://www.babycenter.com/404_when-should-i-transition-my-formula-fed-baby-from-a-bottle-t_1334508.bc



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Periodontal Abscess

 I enjoy researching videos, photos, and articles of periodontal disease.  Its very interesting to me, Even more interesting is the fact that periodontal disease can be revered if taken care of early enough and properly by both a hygienist and yourself.

A periodontal abscess is rapidly growing bacteria located in a space between your teeth and gums called a periodontal pocket.  The pocket deepens to the point that plaque, tartar, and/or food then becomes trapped within.  The body’s immune system at this point cannot adequately combat the infection.

Periodontal disease is extreamly destructive; if you don’t have it properly treated it can result in irreversible damage to the surrounding ligaments and bone.  This will ultimatley cause you yo lose the tooth/teeth.

When the plaque and calculus is removed by scaling and root planning; this creates a healthier environment, thereby eliminating the infection.

Enjoy this video, hope it helps you understand the process of periodontal disease and realize how important it is to maintain your hygiene visits and take proper at home care of your teeth.

Sources: http://www.myperio.com/abscess.html

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Comparing Periodontal diesase and healthy gums

Healthy gums vs Periodontal Diease

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Periodontal Disease


*It seems as though the 300 or so types of bacteria that homestead in our mouths have a biting sense of humor. We fight them tooth and nail to prevent cavities. Then, just as we think we’re flossing enough and brushing enough to stop cavities, bacteria burrow into another area-our gums. As we get older, neglect of our gums begins to catch up with us until, when we’ve reached age 35 or so, our dentist mentions gum disease.
The earliest and most treatable form of gum disease is gingivitis, a buildup of bacterial plaque that causes gums to redden, swell and bleed easily. Although this kind of gum disease is painless, failing to treat gingivitis can lead to periodontitis, a condition that eventually causes tooth loss.
Brushing after meals and daily flossing comprise the one-two punch that can help keep your gums in the pink. But beyond the basics, here are some other ways to help put the bite on gingivitis.

What happens if you ignore the sore, bleeding gums that are a sign of gingivitis? You risk more serious periodontal disease and the possible loss of teeth.
Here are the signs that warn you your gingivitis is getting more serious. If you have any of them, see your dentist immediately.
• You have bad breath that doesn’t go away within 24 hours.
• Your teeth look longer-a result of your gums shrinking away from your teeth.
• Your mouth feels out of alignment when you shut it because your teeth come together differently.
• Your partial denture fits differently.
• Pus pockets from between your teeth and gums.
• Your teeth are loose, fall out or break off near the gum line.
Also, if your gums still bleed when you brush your teeth and continue to be sore and swollen despite your efforts at good oral hygiene, you need to see your dentist again.

Go electric.”Various studies show that you’ll remove more plaque with an electric toothbrush than brushing manually,” says Palm Harbor, Florida, dentist Paul Caputo D.D.S. The Interplak electric toothbrush removes 80 percent more plaque than a regular toothbrush, he says.
Add muscle to your mouth. Just as bones in the rest of your body can get brittle and shrink, so can your teeth and jawbone-making you more susceptible to gingivitis and other problems. “Calcium seems to help people with gingivitis, “says Dr. Caputo. “It strengthens bones and teeth.” Drinking two glasses of skim milk a day provides about 90 percent of your Recommended Dietary Allowance of calcium.*
The Doctors Book of Home Remedies II
By: Sid Kirchheimer and the editors of PREVENTION Magazine Health Books

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Gum Pain

*They say that pain is nature’s way of ringing us up to tell us something’s wrong. But when it comes to our gums, nature doesn’t always use the hotline. More often, the message of gum pain seems to come via the old-time pony express: By the time we get the news, the situation at the point of origin is likely to have gone from bad to worse. So if your gums are hinting that something unusual is going on, it may be an understatement.
But why do gums hurt? “The causes could be either serious infections caused by bacteria or a situation where the skin on the gums has something wrong with it,” says Kenneth Kornman, D.D.S., Ph.D., clinical professor and former chairman of the Department of Periodontics at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio. There are many infectious conditions that can cause pain. And every now and then, gum surfaces can be plagued with a maddening host of abrasions, burns, growths and lesions.
But all these problems have one thing in common: If they persist, they can really gum up your life, so don’t take any chances when pain makes a rare cameo appearance. Head for the dentist’s chair as soon as possible. And meanwhile, take these steps to find some relief.

Brush away gum pain. Removing bacteria with regular tooth care not only prevents gum disease, it can also provide some short-term pain relief, says Dr. Kornman. Proceed with gentle brushing (with a soft brush), flossing and warm-water rinsing. In addition, an over-the-counter rinse like Listerine, diluted or at full strength, may diminish some of the bacteria and ease some pain. (For some people, though, the alcohol content of a rinse may make pain worse. Discontinue using it if that happens.)

Don’t rub. Massaging your gums may only cause further irritation, according to Dr. Kornman.

Try a warm saltwater rinse. “Take a few swings of warm salt water and swish it between your teeth and gums,” advises Leslie Salkin, D.D.S., director of postgraduate periodontics and professor of periodontology at the Temple University School of Dentistry in Philadelphia. “It has a general soothing effect. If you have an abscess, the salts will help draw it out and drain it.” He recommends one teaspoon of salt in a glass of lukewarm water. (Salt water is also your first line of defense for any gum burn, cut, abrasion or wound.)

Suppress the pain with an analgesic. Any over-the-counter medicine that reduces pain and inflammation could do wonders for your sore gums. It can also help reduce a fever if your pain is caused by an infection. “We’re finding that in most cases of dental disease, it is inflammation that causes discomfort,” says Samuel Low, D.D.S., associate professor and director of graduate periodontology at the University of Florida College of Dentistry in Gainesville. “Consequently we are recommending anti-inflammatory products such as ibuprofen (Advil).” Or you can take aspirin if you don’t have adverse reactions to it (but children should avoid aspirin because of the risk of Reye’s syndrome).

Don’t put aspirin on your gums. “For some reason, many people have the idea that applying aspirin directly to the affected gum area is beneficial,” says Kenneth H. Burrell,D.D.S., director of the American Dental Association’s Council on Dental Therapeutics in Chicago. That couldn’t be farther from the truth, he notes. “Unfortunately, the only thing that happens is that you create a chemical burn in the gum tissue. Don’t ever try it.”

Ice it down. For an all-natural anti-inflammatory, Dr. Low recommends ice. “It really works on swelling,” he says, “and also serves as a local anesthetic to dull nerve endings.” Apply an ice pack wrapped in a towel to your cheek or lip near the area of pain.

Moisten your mouth. Dr. Salkin recommends sucking on ice chips or a lemon drop if you are suffering from gum irritation due to dry mouth. That should be enough to replenish any missing saliva.

Use peroxide power. Many of the bacteria that cause gum pain cannot survive in oxygen, so some dentists recommend the use of everyday hydrogen peroxide, which you can pick up at any pharmacy and dilute. Dr. Low advises using a rinse of half water, half hydrogen peroxide.

Dab with baking soda. Another way to discourage bacteria is with house-hold baking soda. Just make a paste of baking soda mixed with water and apply it gently on the gums, suggests Dr. Low. But be careful. Overzealous use can abrade gum tissue.

Numb that gum. If you have a burn, a cut, an ulceration or any problem on the skin of the gum, Dr. Kornman says the best thing you can do is apply one of many over-the-counter gels or ointments that contain benzocaine. It’s numbing action delivers instant relief. It also knocks out much of the pain associated with serious gum infections.

Anyone for tea? Some doctors suggest holding a wet tea bag against a gum abrasion or canker sore. Tea leaves contain tannic acid, an astringent that also has some pain-relieving power.

Say no to tobacco. “We see greater gum destruction in smokers,” warns Dr. Salkin. He points out that smoking contributes to gum problems and can exacerbate ay infectious or ulcerative conditions. Chewing tobacco is another gum irritant and can lead to a variety of gum cancers, according to Dr. Salkin. In addition, smoking often contributes to the onset trench mouth and worsens the condition if you already have it.*

The Doctors Book of Home Remedies II  By:Sid Kirchheimer and the Editors of PREVENTION Magazine Health Books  1993


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Periodontal Disease Video

This video was found on You Tube and I thought it would be very informative for anyone who may or may not have gum disease.  It informs you about new studies that were found linking heart disease with gum disease.  It also tells you the steps that should be taken when dealing with periodontal disease such as deep cleanings (scaling and root planing) and also about Arestin the local antibiotic that is placed in only the infected sites.  There are three areas around a tooth(or 192 sites in your mouth including wisdom teeth).  The best way to find out if you have periodontal disease is to have your hygieneist do a periodontal probing.  This detects the bone loss and determines if the teeth are able to be treated or if extractions are necessary.  It only takes a few minutes and is not painful.  At this time the hygienist can determine what type of cleaning would need to be performed.  Pocket depths of 1,2 and 3’s are healthy, 4’s to 7’s are moderate periodontal disease and 8’s to 12’s indicate severe periodontal disease; at this stage they may be mobile, loose or falling out.  If you are diagnosed with periodontal disease and it is not too severe, you will need deep cleanings followed by more frequent cleanings about every 3 to 4 months.  This helps keep the bacteria down and also speeds up the healing process.  It is important that you brush twice a day and floss at least once a day.  Just click on the link below to view video.  Hope you fine it to be interesting.  Thank you Dr.Paul Caputo in Tampa Bay Palm Harbor area.

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